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Friendship Centres are not-for-profit corporations that are mandated to serve the needs of urban Indigenous people by providing culturally appropriate services in urban communities
The Centre is here to support

Aboriginal & Non-Aboriginal people


The Friendship Centre program is designed to improve the quality of life for Aboriginal people in an urban environment by supporting self determined activities which encourage equal access to and participation in Canadian Society and which respects aboriginal cultural distinctiveness.

Identify Gaps in Indigenous Populations

Lower Income
There is an identified gap in income earned in the the Indigenous population in Ontario.
Income Gap
The prevalence of low incomes for the Indigenous population in Ontario (aged 25-64) is 21 per cent, which is higher than the rate for the non-Indigenous population at 13 per cent.
Education Gap
A lower level of education has been identified in the indigenous populations in Ontario
Education Gap
The high school completion rate of Indigenous people is 76 per cent, below the rate of the non-Indigenous population at 93 per cent. For First Nations living on reserve, the rate is 45 per cent. 3 per cent of Indigenous people in Ontario hold a university degree, up from 9 per cent in 2006.
Housing Gap
The chances to be living in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs is fair to common for Indigenous families. In 2021, almost one in five Indigenous people in Canada (18.8%) lived in a low-income household.
Housing Issue
Indigenous people were more likely than the non-Indigenous population to be living in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs (16.4% versus 5.7%) or live in crowded housing (17.1% versus 9.4%) in 2021.
Exposure to Sexual or Physical Violence
Approximately 4 in 10 Indigenous people report experiencing sexual or physical violence as children
Sexual Assualts
Among Canada’s various regions, Ontario has the highest proportion of Indigenous people who have experienced sexual or physical violence during childhood. In comparison, this proportion was 33% in the territories and 32% in the Prairies.
residential-schools
Historical Trauma
The experience of trauma in one generation can influence subsequent generations, a perspective that seems to have resonated in the literature related to Aboriginal health, as well as among Aboriginal peoples living with the traumas experienced by their ancestors
Residential Schools
Although numerous historically traumatic events occurred earlier, the 19th century in Canada was marked by government policies to assimilate Aboriginal peoples based on the assumption that Whites were inherently superior to the “Indians”
Less Economic Opportunity
Indigenous Peoples in Canada face significant and long-standing socio-economic gaps when compared to the non-Indigenous population.
Improve Economic Opportunity
These gaps have been shaped by a long history of colonialism, discrimination and marginalization, which have had a profound impact on Indigenous people and continue to affect their lives today. Although gaps remain, significant work is being done to narrow them and improve conditions.
Systemic Racism
One in three Indigenous people experienced discrimination in the past 5 years
Systemic Racism Stats
One-third of Indigenous people experienced discrimination in the 5 years preceding the survey, more than double the proportion for non-Indigenous, non-visible minority. Similar proportions of Indigenous women (33%) and men (32%) experienced discrimination.
Loss of Culture
In addition to the physical appropriation of land was the colonial effort to eliminate the transmission of cultural identity, traditional skills, and connection to the land.
Loss of Language
The percentage of Indigenous people who speak an Indigenous language has been declining. In 2021, 13.1% of the Indigenous population reported being able to speak an Indigenous language well enough to conduct a conversation, down from 15.0% in 2016, 17.2% in 2011 and 21.4% in 2006.

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